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Escin - Esculin, Aescin and Rosskastanie
Escin (Esculin, Aescin, Rosskastanie) is extracted from the Horse chestnut tree and has astringent, vasoconstrictor, anti-inflammatory as well as circulation boosting properties and a sealing affected effect on capillaries and this all helps the formula to get rid of cellulite.
The Horse chestnut is a deciduous tree (Aesculus hippocastanum) that grows up to 25 meters and is found throughout the northern hemisphere, but is a native tree to the Balkan peninsula.
Escin (Esculin) is extracted from the tree (mostly the seeds) and is becoming very popular in phyto-medicine due to the clinical evidence of its effectiveness in the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency, varicose veins, and related vascular and circulatory disorders and is used in our Cellumend cream.
This particular ingredient counters the effects of the shorter wavelengths of sunlight - which gives it the ability to absorb UV radiation but has excellent astringent and toning properties.
It is normally only used as a topical application, although European medical practitioners have prescribed it internally - but due to the potential toxicity when taken internally it is not recommended.
It is the triterpene glycoside mixture, aescin (escin), which contains the anti-exudative and vascular astringent and toning effect which is indicated to reduce the activity of lysosomal enzymes which is normally found in people with problems with their veins and circulation. This helps to reduce the breakdown of glycoacalyx (mucopolysaccharides) in the capillary walls.
Because the veins are healthier and less "leaky", there is less leakage of low-molecular proteins, electrolytes, and water out of the veins into the tissue.
The aescin also acts as an antioxidant to help inhibit the enzymes collagenase and elastase which leads to healthier collagen and supportive skin structures and also seems to have some form of anti-inflammatory action.
Horse chestnut seed contains a 3-6% complex mixture of triterpene saponins which are collectively referred to as escin. REF 33 This includes the triterpene oligoglycosides escins, Ia, Ib, IIa, IIb, and IIIa REF 34 as well as acylated polyhydroxyoleanene triterpene oligoglycosides escins IIIb, IV, V, and VI and isoescins Ia, Ib, and V, and the sapogenols hippocaesculin and barringtogenol-C REF 35; flavonoids such as flavonol glycosides; tannins REF 36; quinones; sterols that includes stigmasterol, a- spinasterol, and b -sitosterol; as well as fatty acids, such as linolenic, palmitic, and stearic acids. REF 37
Other constituents found in the seed of the Horse Chestnut tree are 16-Desoxy-Barringtogenol, Acetic-Acid, Alpha-Methyl-Beta-Hydroxybutyric-Acid, Angelic-Acid, Barringtogenol-C , Barringtogenol-D, Cryptoaescigenin, Cryptoaescin, Glucuronic-Acid, Protoaescigenin and Tiglic-Acid.
It is an a saponin occurring in the seed of the Horse chestnut tree (Aesculus hippocastanum) and is chemically classed as a biological product.
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Active ingredients found in Cellumend Cellulite Cream
Results of tests done on ingredient in Cellumend
The following results were detailed after the completion of the study, and can be divided as follows: