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Horsetail - Equisetum Arvense L. - to remove excess water and helps to decongest the skin
The horsetail plant - Equisetum Arvense L. - also known as field horsetail, bottlebrush and shave grass, is a very common plant throughout Europe, developing on lime and sandy soils in wet areas. Horsetail or Equisetum is a lively plant thanks to its rhizome and stems of two types, fertile and sterile.
Horsetail is the sole surviving descendant of the giant fern plants that covered the earth some 200 million years ago and has the strange and unique capability of absorbing gold when gold is dissolved in water.
This herb is often used for its healing properties and because it assists in breaking down deposits in the tissues, whilst being an excellent diuretic and boosting both circulation and the rejuvenation of connective tissues, as the bio-minerals contained are required for the different steps of collagen and elastin biosynthesis.
Horsetail has been included as an ingredient in our Cellumend product to help with cellulite removal.
This herb has been used therapeutically since ancient Roman and Greek times and its use was first recorded by the Greek physician Claudius Galenus, and the seventeenth century English herbalist Nicholas Culpepper used it to treat ulcers, wounds, ruptures and inflammations in the skin.
Indian Ayurvedic medicine as well as nineteenth century American Eclectic physicians, North American aboriginal as well as Asian medicine have made use of it.
The Chippewa Ojibwe used it to treat dysuria (painful or difficult urination) while the Okanogan-Colville people used it to stimulate the kidneys whilst the Potawatomi people used it for bladder trouble. REF 13
The fertile stems are the ones that appear at the beginning of spring, leaving the rhizome and not ramifying but rather ending in an ovoid mass, the sporangial spikes. Inside these spikes, or ears, are the spores that are spread by the wind.
When the fertile stems wane, the sterile stems appear, which are taller than the fertile stems and have a rough surface with longitudinal streaks. These stems are membranous pod articulations that are dry and brown.
The part of the plant that is used are the sterile stems harvested in summer when dry.
We would highlight the abundance of mineral materials in the chemical structure (15-18%) including 60-80% silicon and the remaining portion largely potassium.
The constituents found are flavonoids (quercetin luteolin and protogenkwanin glucosides, kaempferol, isoquercitrin and apigenin) phenolic acids, silicic acid, minerals, saponin (equisetonin) palustrine and palustrinine alkaloid, dimethylsulphone thiaminase and aconitic acid as well as equistetolic acid. The sterols contained in horsetail include cholesterol, isofucosterol, and campesterol.
The remaining components of Equisetum are small amounts of the following compounds: vitamin C, malic acid, oxalic acid, glycerides of stearic, linoleic and oleic acids.
Horsetail has traditionally been used as a diuretic, haemostatic and re-mineralizer. At first it was believed that the diuretic activity was caused by the inorganic elements of the plant (silicon), but today it seems to have been demonstrated that the action is caused by the flavonoids and saponins.
It has a considerable haemostatic and cicatrizing action and has therefore been used traditionally to treat certain hemorrhages. Its rematerializing action must also be stressed, caused by the silica content.
In cosmetics, this herb is used as an epithelial regenerator due to the presence of saponins and flavonoids in its composition. These components act to cicatrize and epithelizing the skin, and silica has also been attributed with a stabilizing action on the conjunctive tissue working through epithelial regeneration to strengthen this tissue.
Horsetail extracts are associated with other plants such as ginseng and cornflower to enhance the action providing elasticity and helping in the treatment of wrinkles, and liquorice due to its elasticity enhancement.
The extract of Equisetum Arvense is used as a skin-conditioning agent in cosmetic manufacture and chemically classed as a biological compound.
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Active ingredients found in Cellumend Cellulite Cream
Results of tests done on ingredient in Cellumend
The following results were detailed after the completion of the study, and can be divided as follows: